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"It was an unforgettable sight. In the full glare of the sunlight the rocket rose higher and higher. The flame from the stern was almost as long as the rocket itself."

"We have invaded space with our rocket and for the first time. We have used space as a bridge between two points on the earth; we have proved rocket propulsion practicable for space travel. This third day of October, 1942, is the first of a new era, one of new transportation—that of space travel."

—General Walter Dornberger

German General Walter Dornberger and German rocket scientist Wernher von Braun were two men with a vision. The drive, energy and resourcefulness of Dornberger, mated with the ingenuity and passion of von Braun, created one of the greatest technological achievements of the last 100 years. The fact that this achievement was the product of the ruthless regime of Nazi Germany—and the fact that many thousands of people died as a result of its production and deployment—skews the image of what otherwise would be considered a monumental technological triumph.

This is the A-4/V-2 Resource Site. It is devoted to one of the most awesome weapons of WWII, the V-2 rocket. The V-2 or "Aggregat 4" was the first long-range ballistic missile to actively be used in combat. This huge German missile hurtled a one-ton warhead 50 miles high and hundreds of miles down range to its target. This site will try to give you an accurate account of the design, production and combat deployment of this weapon during World War 2.
The legacy of the German V-2 ballistic missile represents the best and worst of humankind’s endeavors in the twentieth century. As fascinating as it was horrific, historians and scholars have been debating the real consequences of Germany’s rocket weapon development program for the better part of 70 years. Even today we are living in the V-2 era.

In an attempt to build a historical record, this website will exclude any political agendas. This website does not support ideology of National Socialism. This website does promote the education of many to the events of the past and strives to balance the rhetoric of the far right and far left on this particular subject.

"Throughout 1940 and 1941 the components of the V-2 were developed and captive tests were carried out, with and without controls. In fact, we had the whole V-2 mounted in gimbal rings on the test stand and tested the controls with jet vanes."

"In June 1942 we made the first free-flight test, which was a failure. The second was also a failure in part—it reached supersonic speed and then broke up. The third one on October 3, 1942, finally was a full success and traveled over 120 miles."

—Wernher von Braun

Design and Makeup
• 25-Ton Thrust Motor

Schemes and Camouflage

Wernher von Braun
As leader of “rocket team,” advocate for space exploration, he developed the V-2 ballistic missile for the Nazis. Today, he is controversial for ties to German war-time industry and its use of forced labor during WWII.

Engineer, Scientist, Biography

Black project, Heeresversuchsanstalt Peenemünde (Army Research Center Peenemünde).

Early Days
• HAP 11
• Prüfstand VII
• October 3, 1942
• RAF Operation Hydra
Peenemünde Desolation

Tale of Two Cities
Antwerp: City of Sudden Death
Target LondonSecond Blitz

SS-Truppenübungsplatz Heidelager and missile testing ground near Blizna in Poland, where V-2 field tests were conducted following the bombing of Peenemünde.

• Coming Soon

Mittelbau GmbH/Mittelbau KZ
Concentration Camp DORA

Operation Backfire
Operation Backfire Trials
V-2 Division Surrender (AVKO)

V-2s on Remagen
Capture of the Ludendorff Bridge and the unconventional German counterattacks that followed; which included the tactical use of the V-2 rocket. Also the story of the 284th Engineer Combat Battalion.

V-2 attacks March 17, 1945

Hardened V-2 Bunkers
Massive structures in France, that were targeted heavily by the Allies, remain even today.

Rocket Coast
Blockhaus at Eperlecques
Wizernes La Coupole
Wizernes Recce
Roquetoire Guidance Bunker
Sottevast Cherbourg

Allied Countermeasures
• Coming Soon

Mobile Firing Sites
Mobile Deployment
Den Haag

Battery Vehicles and Equipment
• The V-2 site arrangement
Battery Vehicles/Equipment

Firing Timeline
Firing Timeline 1944-45

X-Plan/Firing Procedure
Firing Procedure

Scale Modeling
Modeling the V-2 Battery
Modeling and Your Health
V-2 Displays Worldwide
Surviving V-2 examples

• Rare audio and video

Reference Material
Comprehensive list of the best available resources related the the history of the V-2 rocket. Some out of print, most are still available through used book sellers.

Books, Magazines & Pamphlets

Related Links
Collected links over the years. If you know of new related links that are not listed here, let us know about them. Also, report any dead links.

Full list of interesting links

NEW: Charles Black Collection CLICK HERE

NEW: Unseen recce photos over Wizernes CLICK HERE

NEW: V-2s on Remagen updated images CLICK HERE

In Memoriam

The V-weapons research community is mourning the recent loss of a dear friend and colleague. Volker Pelz (Düsseldorf) passed away suddenly on February 15, 2021. No one worked harder in his investigations than Volker. Truly, a big loss for the association. His field research contributions, combined with exhaustive document research, solved more than a few mysteries concerning the V-1 and V-2 locations. Volker provided much information to this website. There are so many good memories of Volker. He will be sorely missed by all who knew him. Many condolences to his family and we will carry his work forward.   —IV2RG

New book  Vergeltungswaffen in the Nederland (V-Weapons in the Netherlands). The deployment of V-1, V-2 and V-4 from Dutch territory 1944-1945 by Henk Koopman. Flying Pencil NL B.V. 

In the last year of the war, thousands of V-1s, V-2s and V-4s were launched from occupied Holland to targets in Belgium and England. Many attacks were launched from Dutch territory. Author and authority in the field of Vergeltungswaffen in the Netherlands, Henk Koopman, has done research in Dutch and foreign archives for decades. He has also visited the launch sites many times where detailed investigations were required to determine the exact location of these positions. All information the author has gathered over the many years about the use of the V-weapons in the Netherlands is finally bundled into a complete overview work. The publication is richly adorned with photographs and map material—including previously unpublished material—and with an extensive index it is a reference work that should not be missing in the collection of every WWII researcher and rocket enthusiast.

Although written in Dutch, this book is easily understood by English-speaking readers as it is heavily illustrated with photos, maps, graphs and tables. With more than forty years of passionate archival work, the author has succeeded in shedding more light on the known and unknown aspects of the deployment of V-weapons in the Netherlands. Through our twenty years of friendship, I have gained much from his extensive knowledge about the V-sites. We have walked the rocket sites in the Netherlands and I always look forward to our next visit. For many years enthusiasts have anticipated this book and now it is finally available!

Book specifications: "Vergeltungswaffen in the Netherlands" by Henk Koopman; Hard cover; A4 format (215x280 mm); Dust wrap; 336 pages; Eleven chapters; Five annexes; Extensive index; Details of the bank account of Flying Pencil NL B.V.; IBAN: NL04INGB0006054688; BIC: INGBNL2A (ING BANK); Dutch Chamber of Commerce No.: 55256104; VAT No.: NL851627699B01


Special Thanks:
Ed Straten, Charles Ostyn, Bert Koopman, Detlev Paul, Dr. Olaf Przybilski, Mikel Shilling, Gerhard Helm,
Henk Koopman, Dr. Karl-Heinz Wellmann, Michael Imhoff, Michel van Best, Mikael Olrog, Volker Pelz, Paul Grigorieff, Dr. Warwick Black,
Olivier Vilain, Alan Scheckenbach, Jirzy Komprda, Cor Lulof, Claudio Becker, Murray Barber, Ken Hartman, Stan Druzynski, Michael Keuer,
Raymond Delcommune, Andy Micklethwaite, Jan Harm ter Brugge, Reiner Sigmund, Laurent Bailleul and John Pridige.
www.v2rocket.com © T Dungan / Brothers Designs
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